Strengthening Forensic Science In The United States

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Strengthening Forensic Science In The United States


Strengthening Forensic Science In The United States
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Strengthening Forensic Science In The United States


Strengthening Forensic Science In The United States
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Author : National Research Council
language : en
Publisher: National Academies Press
Release Date : 2009-07-29

Strengthening Forensic Science In The United States written by National Research Council and has been published by National Academies Press this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2009-07-29 with Law categories.


Scores of talented and dedicated people serve the forensic science community, performing vitally important work. However, they are often constrained by lack of adequate resources, sound policies, and national support. It is clear that change and advancements, both systematic and scientific, are needed in a number of forensic science disciplines to ensure the reliability of work, establish enforceable standards, and promote best practices with consistent application. Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States: A Path Forward provides a detailed plan for addressing these needs and suggests the creation of a new government entity, the National Institute of Forensic Science, to establish and enforce standards within the forensic science community. The benefits of improving and regulating the forensic science disciplines are clear: assisting law enforcement officials, enhancing homeland security, and reducing the risk of wrongful conviction and exoneration. Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States gives a full account of what is needed to advance the forensic science disciplines, including upgrading of systems and organizational structures, better training, widespread adoption of uniform and enforceable best practices, and mandatory certification and accreditation programs. While this book provides an essential call-to-action for congress and policy makers, it also serves as a vital tool for law enforcement agencies, criminal prosecutors and attorneys, and forensic science educators.

Strengthening Forensic Science In The United States


Strengthening Forensic Science In The United States
DOWNLOAD
READ ONLINE


Author : National Research Council
language : en
Publisher: National Academies Press
Release Date : 2009-08-29

Strengthening Forensic Science In The United States written by National Research Council and has been published by National Academies Press this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2009-08-29 with Law categories.


Scores of talented and dedicated people serve the forensic science community, performing vitally important work. However, they are often constrained by lack of adequate resources, sound policies, and national support. It is clear that change and advancements, both systematic and scientific, are needed in a number of forensic science disciplines to ensure the reliability of work, establish enforceable standards, and promote best practices with consistent application. Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States: A Path Forward provides a detailed plan for addressing these needs and suggests the creation of a new government entity, the National Institute of Forensic Science, to establish and enforce standards within the forensic science community. The benefits of improving and regulating the forensic science disciplines are clear: assisting law enforcement officials, enhancing homeland security, and reducing the risk of wrongful conviction and exoneration. Strengthening Forensic Science in the United States gives a full account of what is needed to advance the forensic science disciplines, including upgrading of systems and organizational structures, better training, widespread adoption of uniform and enforceable best practices, and mandatory certification and accreditation programs. While this book provides an essential call-to-action for congress and policy makers, it also serves as a vital tool for law enforcement agencies, criminal prosecutors and attorneys, and forensic science educators.

Strengthening Forensic Science In The United States


Strengthening Forensic Science In The United States
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READ ONLINE


Author : United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science and Technology (2007). Subcommittee on Technology and Innovation
language : en
Publisher:
Release Date : 2009

Strengthening Forensic Science In The United States written by United States. Congress. House. Committee on Science and Technology (2007). Subcommittee on Technology and Innovation and has been published by this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2009 with Criminal investigation categories.




Strengthening Forensic Science In The United States


Strengthening Forensic Science In The United States
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Author : United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on the Judiciary
language : en
Publisher:
Release Date : 2010

Strengthening Forensic Science In The United States written by United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on the Judiciary and has been published by this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2010 with Criminal investigation categories.




Reference Manual On Scientific Evidence


Reference Manual On Scientific Evidence
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Author :
language : en
Publisher:
Release Date : 1994

Reference Manual On Scientific Evidence written by and has been published by this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 1994 with Evidence, Expert categories.




Personnel Selection In The Pattern Evidence Domain Of Forensic Science


Personnel Selection In The Pattern Evidence Domain Of Forensic Science
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Author : National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
language : en
Publisher: National Academies Press
Release Date : 2017-01-20

Personnel Selection In The Pattern Evidence Domain Of Forensic Science written by National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine and has been published by National Academies Press this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2017-01-20 with Law categories.


In July 2016 The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine convened a workshop with the goal of bringing together industrial and organizational (I-O) psychologists, experts on personnel selection and testing, forensic scientists, and other researchers whose work has a nexus with workforce needs in the forensic science field with a focus on pattern evidence. Participants reviewed the current status of selection and training of forensic scientists who specialize in pattern evidence and discussed how tools used in I-O psychology to understand elements of a task and measure aptitude and performance could address challenges in the pattern evidence domain of the forensic sciences. This publication summarizes the presentations and discussions from the workshop.

Identifying The Culprit


Identifying The Culprit
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Author : National Research Council
language : en
Publisher: National Academies Press
Release Date : 2015-01-16

Identifying The Culprit written by National Research Council and has been published by National Academies Press this book supported file pdf, txt, epub, kindle and other format this book has been release on 2015-01-16 with Law categories.


Eyewitnesses play an important role in criminal cases when they can identify culprits. Estimates suggest that tens of thousands of eyewitnesses make identifications in criminal investigations each year. Research on factors that affect the accuracy of eyewitness identification procedures has given us an increasingly clear picture of how identifications are made, and more importantly, an improved understanding of the principled limits on vision and memory that can lead to failure of identification. Factors such as viewing conditions, duress, elevated emotions, and biases influence the visual perception experience. Perceptual experiences are stored by a system of memory that is highly malleable and continuously evolving, neither retaining nor divulging content in an informational vacuum. As such, the fidelity of our memories to actual events may be compromised by many factors at all stages of processing, from encoding to storage and retrieval. Unknown to the individual, memories are forgotten, reconstructed, updated, and distorted. Complicating the process further, policies governing law enforcement procedures for conducting and recording identifications are not standard, and policies and practices to address the issue of misidentification vary widely. These limitations can produce mistaken identifications with significant consequences. What can we do to make certain that eyewitness identification convicts the guilty and exonerates the innocent? Identifying the Culprit makes the case that better data collection and research on eyewitness identification, new law enforcement training protocols, standardized procedures for administering line-ups, and improvements in the handling of eyewitness identification in court can increase the chances that accurate identifications are made. This report explains the science that has emerged during the past 30 years on eyewitness identifications and identifies best practices in eyewitness procedures for the law enforcement community and in the presentation of eyewitness evidence in the courtroom. In order to continue the advancement of eyewitness identification research, the report recommends a focused research agenda. Identifying the Culprit will be an essential resource to assist the law enforcement and legal communities as they seek to understand the value and the limitations of eyewitness identification and make improvements to procedures.